Decellularization Enables Functional Analysis of ECM Remodeling in Planarian Regeneration.
Sonpho E, Mann FG, Levy M, Ross EJ, Guerrero-Hernandez C, Florens L, Saraf A, Doddihal V, Ounjai P, and Sánchez Alvarado A.
The extracellular matrix (ECM) is a three-dimensional network of macromolecules that provides a microenvironment capable of supporting and regulating cell functions. However, only a few research organisms are available for the systematic dissection of the composition and functions of the ECM, particularly during regeneration. We utilized the free-living flatworm Schmidtea mediterranea to develop an integrative approach consisting of decellularization, proteomics, and RNA interference to characterize and investigate ECM functions during tissue homeostasis and regeneration. ECM-enriched samples were isolated from planarians, and their proteomes were characterized by LC-MS/MS. The functions of identified ECM components were interrogated using RNAi. Using this approach, we found that heparan sulfate proteoglycan is essential for tissue regeneration. Our strategy provides an experimental approach for identifying both known and novel ECM components involved in regeneration.
Sonpho E, Mann FG, Levy M, Ross EJ, Guerrero-Hernandez C, Florens L, Saraf A, Doddihal V, Ounjai P, and Sánchez Alvarado A. Decellularization Enables Functional Analysis of ECM Remodeling in Planarian Regeneration.MCP, doi:10.1101/2020.09.11.293936 (Available Online: 18 August 2021 )